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2017全国卷高考完型填空

作者:外语爱好…    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2021/12/31

2017全国Ⅱ卷完型填空

【基础短文】

In 1973, I was teaching elementary school. Each day, 27 kids   41   “The Thinking Laboratory.” That was the   42   students voted for after deciding that “Room 104” was too 43  .

Freddy was an average 44  , but not an average person. He had the rare balance of fun and compassion(同情). He would   45   the loudest over fun and be the saddest over anyone’s 46  .

Before the school year 47  , I gave the kids a special   48  , T-shirts with the words “Verbs Are Your   49  ” on them. I had advised the kids that while verbs(动词) may seem dull, most of the   50   things they do throughout their lives will be verbs.

Through the years, I’d run into former students who would provide   51   on old classmates. I learned that Freddy did several jobs after his   52   from high school and remained the same   53   person I met forty years before. Once, while working overnight at a store, he let a homeless man   54   in his truck. Another time, he 55  afriend money to buy a house.

Just last year, I was   56   a workshop when someone knocked at the classroom door. A woman   57   the interruption and handed me an envelope. I stopped teaching and   58   it up. Inside were the “Verbs” shirt and a   59   from Freddy’s mother. “Freddy passed away on Thanksgiving. He wanted you to have this.”

I told the story to the class. As sad as it was, I couldn’t help smiling. Although Freddy was taken from us, we all   60   something from Freddy.

41. A. built B. entered C. decorated   D. ran

42. A. name B. rule C. brand D. plan

43. A. small B. dark C. strange D. dull

44. A. scholar B. student C. citizen D. worker

45. A. speak B. sing C. question D. laugh

46. A. misfortune B. disbelief C. dishonesty D. mistake

47. A. changed B. approached C. returned D. ended

48. A. lesson B. gift C. report D. message

49. A. Friends B. Awards C. Masters D. Tasks

50. A. simple B. unique C. fun D. clever

51. A. assessments B. comments C. instructions D. updates

52. A. graduation B. retirement C. separation D. resignation

53. A. daring B. modest C. caring D. smart

54. A. wait B. sleep C. study D. live

55. A. paid B. charged C. lent D. owed

56. A. observing B. preparing C. designing D. conducting

57. A. regretted B. avoided C. excused D. ignored

58. A. opened B. packed C. gave D. held

59. A. picture B. bill C. note D. diary

60. A. chose B. took C. expected D. borrowed

【基础词汇】

elementary [elɪ'ment(ə)rɪ] adj. 基本的;初级的;[化学] 元素的

vote[vəʊt] n. 投票;选举;选票v.提议;投票决定

average ['æv(ə)rɪdʒ] n.平均;平均数adj. 普通的;通常的

rare[reə] adj. 稀有的;稀薄的;半熟的adv.非常;极其

balance['bæl(ə)ns]n. 平衡;余额;天平v.保持平衡;相称

compassion [kəm'pæʃ(ə)n] n. 同情;怜悯

seem [si:m] v. 似乎;好像;仿佛

dull[dʌl]adj.钝的;迟钝的;无趣的;阴暗的v.使迟钝;使阴暗

throughout [θru:'aʊt] adv.自始至终;到处;全部prep. 贯穿;遍及

provide [prə'vaɪd] v. 提供;装备;规定

several ['sevrəl] adj. 几个的;各自的pron. 几个;数个

remain[rɪ'meɪn]v. 保持;依然;剩余;残存n. 遗迹;剩余物,残骸

overnight[əʊvə'naɪt]adv. 通宵 adj. 晚上的;前夜的

workshop ['wɜ:kʃɒp]n. 车间;研讨会;工场;讲习班

interruption [ɪntə'rʌpʃn] n. 中断;干扰;中断之事

decorate['dekəreɪt] v. 装饰;布置;授勋给

rule[ru:l] v. 统治;管辖;裁定;支配n. 统治;规则

brand [brænd] v. 铭刻于,铭记;印……商标于n. 商标,牌子;烙印

scholar ['skɒlə]n. 学者;奖学金获得者

citizen ['sɪtɪz(ə)n]n. 公民;市民

misfortune [mɪs'fɔ:tʃu:n; -tʃ(ə)n] n. 不幸;灾祸,灾难

disbelief[dɪsbɪ'li:f]n. 怀疑;不信

dishonesty[dɪs'ɒnɪstɪ]n. 不诚实;欺诈;不正直

approach[ə'prəʊtʃ]n. 方法;途径;接近v. 接近;着手处理;靠近

gift[gɪft] n. 礼物;天赋;赠品v. 赋予;向……赠送

award[ə'wɔ:d]v. 授予;判定n. 奖品;判决

task[tɑ:sk]v.分派任务n. 工作,作业;任务

unique[juː'ni:k] adj. 独特的,稀罕的;[数]唯一的

assessment [ə'sesmənt] n. 评定;估价

comment['kɒment] n. 评论;意见;批评v. 发表意见;为……作评语

instruction[ɪn'strʌkʃ(ə)n]n. 指令;指示;教导;用法说明

update[ʌp'deɪt]v. 更新;修正;使现代化n. 更新;现代化

retirement[rɪ'taɪəm(ə)nt] n. 退休;退役

separation [sepə'reɪʃ(ə)n]n. 分离;距离;[法] 分居;缺口

resignation[rezɪg'neɪʃ(ə)n] n.辞职;放弃;辞职书

modest ['mɒdɪst]adj.谦逊的;适度的;端庄的;羞怯的

charge [tʃɑ:dʒ]n. 费用;掌管;命令v.使承担;指责;装载;充电;控告;索价

owe [əʊ] v.欠;感激;应该把……归功于;欠钱

observe[əb'zɜ:v]v. 庆祝;观察;遵守;评论;注意到

design[dɪ'zaɪn] v. 设计;计划;构思n. 设计;图案

conduct ['kɒndʌkt] v.导电;带领;管理n. 进行;行为;实施

regret[rɪ'gret] n. 遗憾;抱歉v.后悔;惋惜;哀悼

pack [pæk] n. 包装;一群;背包;包裹;一副v.包装;捆扎;塞满

expect[ɪk'spekt]v. 期待;指望;认为;预料;预期

run into 遭遇;陷入;撞上;偶然遇见

knock at敲(门、窗等)

pass away去世;停止;度过时间

take from 降低;减少

【难句赏析】

1. That was the name students voted for after deciding that “Room 104” was too dull.

这个名字是由学生们投票产生的,他们都觉得104房间太过于沉闷了。

“Students voted for ... too dull”为省略了关系代词的定语从句,用于修饰“name”;“after deciding… too dull”是“after”引导的分词短语作状语,其完整句子为“after students decided … too dull”,因句子前后主语一致,所以省略了“students”,同时变“decided”为“deciding”。

2. Freddy was an average student, but not an average person. He had the rare balance of fun and compassion(同情).

Freddy是一名普通的学生,但却不是一个普通的人。他是少有的能把快乐和同情心都发挥到极致的人。

average:普通的;平常的;一般的;balance:平衡能力;同等重视

3. I had advised the kids that while verbs(动词) may seem dull, most of the fun things they do throughout their lives will be verbs.

我告诉孩子们,尽管动词看上去可能比较乏味,但他们一生中所做的大多数有趣的事都将是动词。

“That”引导宾语从句,从句内容从“that”开始到“will be verbs”结束;“while”这里表转折,是“然而;但是”的意思;“they do throughout their lives”是省略了关系代词的定语从句,用于修饰“most of the fun things”。

4. I learned that Freddy did several jobs after his graduation from high school and remained the same caring person I met forty years before.

我了解到Freddy在高中毕业后做过几个工作,而且他依旧保持着四十年前时那样热心的为人。

“That”引导宾语从句,从句内容从“that”开始到“forty years before”结束;“and”并列两个平行结构,分别是“did several jobs after his graduation from high school”和“remained the same caring person I met forty years before”,其主语同为“Freddy”;“I met forty years before”是省略了关系代词的定语从句,用于修饰“the same caring person”。

高考完型填空的特点
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2017全国卷高考完型填空:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/zxyy/202112/60326.html