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2015高考英语全国Ⅱ卷完型填空

作者:外语爱好…    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2021/12/31

2015高考英语全国Ⅱ卷完型填空
【基础短文】
Where do you go when you want to learn something? School? A friend? A tutor? These are all 41 places of learning. But it may well be that the learning you really want   42   somewhere else instead. I had the   43   of seeing this first hand on a 44  .

My daughter plays on a recreational soccer team. They did very well this season and so     45   a tournament, which normally was only for more skilled club teams. This led to some   46   experiences on Saturday as they played against teams   47   trained. Through the first two games, her   48   did not get one serious shot on goal. As a parent, I   49   seeing my daughter playing her best,   50   still defeated.

It seemed that something clicked with the   51   between Saturday and Sunday. When they   52   for their Sunday game, they were   53   different. They had begun to integrate (融合)the kinds of play and teamwork they had   54   the day before into their   55  . They played aggressively and   56   scored a goal.

It   57   me that playing against the other team was a great   58   moment for all the girls on the team. I think it is a general principle.   59   is the best teacher. The lessons they learned may not be   60   what they would have gotten in school, but are certainly more personal and meaningful, because they had to work them out on their own.

41. A. public B. traditional C. official D. special

42. A. passes B. works C. lies D. ends

43. A. dream B. idea C. habit D. chance

44. A. trip B. holiday C. weekend D. square

45. A. won B. entered C. organized D. watched

46. A. painful B. strange C. common D. practical

47. A. less B. poorly C. newly D. better

48. A. fans B. tutors C. class D. team

49. A. imagined B. hated C. avoided D. missed

50. A. if B. or C. but D. as

51. A. girls B. parents C. coaches D. viewers

52. A. dressed B. showed up C. made up D. planned

53. A. slightly B. hardly C. basically D. completely

54. A. seen B. known C. heard D. read

55. A. styles B. training C. game D. rules

56. A. even B. still C. seldom D. again

57. A. confused B. struck C. reminded D. warned

58. A. touching B. thinking C. encouraging D. learning

59. A. Experience B. Independence C. Curiosity D. Interest

60. A. harmful to B. mixed with C. different from D. applied to

【基础词汇】

traditional[trə'dɪʃ(ə)n(ə)l]adj.传统的;惯例的;因袭的

chance [tʃɑ:ns]v.偶然发生;冒险;碰巧n.机会;机遇

enter ['entə]v.进入;开始;参加;登记

team [ti:m]n.队;组;团队

hate [heɪt]v.仇恨;憎恨;厌恶;对……感到不喜欢或讨厌

completely[kəm'pli:tlɪ]adv.完全地;彻底地;非常;十分

learn[lɜ:n]v.学习;得知;认识到;获悉

strike [straɪk]v.罢(工、课等);攻击;来到n.罢(工、课、市);攻击

experience[ɪk'spɪərɪəns]n.经验;经历;阅历v.亲身经历;感受

recreational [rekrɪ'eɪʃənl]adj.娱乐的;消遣的;休养的

defeat[dɪ'fi:t]v.击败;战胜;挫败n.失败的事实;击败的行为

aggressively[ə'gresɪvli]adv.侵略地;攻击地;有闯劲地

principle ['prɪnsɪp(ə)l]n.原理,原则;道义;道德标准

public['pʌblɪk]adj.公众的;政府的;公共的;公开的n.大众;社会;公共场所

official [ə'fɪʃl]adj.官方的;正式的;公务的n.行政官员;高级职员

special['speʃ(ə)l]n.特派人员;特刊;专车;特价商品adj.特殊的;专用的

pass [pɑ:s]n.通道;通行证;关口;越过v.通过;度过;传球

idea[aɪ'dɪə]n.想法;主意;[哲]理念,观念

habit['hæbɪt]n.习惯,习性;气质

trip[trɪp] v.远足;旅行n.旅行;绊倒;出行

square [skweə] adj.平方的;正方形的n.平方;广场

win [wɪn] v.赢得;说服n.赢;胜利

organize ['ɔ:gənaɪz]v.组织;使有系统化

practical ['præktɪk(ə)l]adj.实际的;实用的;注重实际的;实践的

poorly ['pɔ:li] adv.贫穷地;贫乏地;不充分地adj.身体不舒服的;心情恶劣的

newly['nju:li] adv.新近;最近;重新;以新的方式

fan [fæn] v.扇动;刺激;吹拂n.迷;扇子;风扇;爱好者

tutor ['tju:tə(r)] n.导师;家庭教师;助教

miss[mɪs] v.漏掉;错过(机会);想念n.小姐;女士;失误

viewer ['vju:ə(r)] n.观察者;观看者;阅读器

parent ['peərənt] n.父亲(或母亲);先辈

dress [dres] v.给……穿衣;穿着;打扮n.连衣裙;装饰;衣服;礼服

coach[kəʊtʃ] n.教练;(铁路)旅客车厢;长途客运汽车;四轮大马车v.训练;辅导

slightly ['slaɪtli] adv.轻轻地;轻微地;苗条地

hardly['hɑ:dli] adv.几乎不,简直不;严厉地;粗鲁地

basically ['beɪsɪkli] adv.主要地;从根本上说;基本上;总的来说

style[staɪl] n.风格;方式;样式;品味v.设计;使合潮流;设计式样

still[stɪl] adv.仍然;静止地adj.静止的,不动的;死气沉沉的

seldom ['seldəm] adv.很少;罕见;难得

remind [rɪ'maɪnd] v.提醒;使想起,使记起

warn [wɔ:n] v.警告,告诫;通知;发出预告

touch [tʌtʃ] v.接触;触摸 n.接触;触觉;触摸;润色

encourage [ɪn'kʌrɪdʒ] v.鼓励;鼓舞;激励;支持

independence[ˏɪndɪ'pendəns] n.独立性;自立性

curiosity[ˏkjʊəri'ɒsəti] n.好奇;好奇心;珍品;古玩

interest['ɪntrəst] n.兴趣,爱好;利息;利益;趣味v.使……感兴趣

interest表利息,趣味性时,为不可数名词;表利益,好处,福利,利润,股份,股权,感兴趣的事物或人时,为可数名词;表兴趣,关注,爱好时,既可为可数名词,又可为不可数名词。

例如:

1). I borrowed the money at 5% interest.

2). Local color added interest to the book.

3). He always puts the interests of the people before his own.

3). He has an interest in the company.

5). His two great interests in life are music and painting.

6). I have lost my interest in chemistry.

7). I developed an interest in the machine.

固定搭配

place of interest: 名胜古迹,旅游胜地;复数:places of interest

show up露面;露出;揭露;使到场

make up 组成;补足;化妆;编造

different from 与……不同,不同于

harmful to有害的

mix with和……混合(结合);与(某人)交往;在(人群)中周旋

apply to适用于;应用于;运用;致力于

【难句赏析】

1. But it may well be that the learning you really want lies somewhere else instead. I had the chance of seeing this first hand on a weekend.

但是,很有可能,你真正想要学的东西得在其他地方才能学到。某个周末,我有幸亲自见证了这一点。

“May well be”主要用于加强推测的语气,表示具有较大的可能性,这里表示“很可能是;很有可能”的意思;lie表示“存在于”,其主语为learning,而“you really want”则是省略了关系代词的定语从句,用来修饰 learning;“first hand”这里表示“直接的”,first hand还有“第一手的”的意思,第一手资料可翻译为first-hand material.

2. Through the first two games, her team did not get one serious shot on goal. As a parent, I hated seeing my daughter playing her best, but still defeated.

前两场比赛中,她们的球队连一个像样的射门都没有。作为家长,我实在不愿意看到女儿表现出色却依然失败的局面。

“Get one shot on goal”表“射门”的意思;“…, but still defeated”完整的句子为“…, but she was still defeated.”,因前后主语一致,所以在but引导的从句中省去了“she was”。

3. They had begun to integrate (融合) the kinds of play and teamwork they had seen the day before into their game. They played aggressively and even scored a goal.

她们把前一天在赛场上看到的各种打法和团队精神融合在一起,运用到自己的赛场上。她们主动出击甚至进了一个球。

“They had seen…their game”是省略了关系代词的定语从句,用来修饰“the kinds of play and teamwork”;integrate…into,表示“把……和……融合在一起”。

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