您现在的位置: 外语爱好者网站 >> 英语 >> 中学英语 >> 正文

2014高考英语全国Ⅱ卷完型填空

作者:外语爱好…    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2021/12/31

2014高考英语全国Ⅱ卷完型填空
【基础短文】
Joe Simpson and Simon Yates were the first people to climb the West Face of the Siula Grande in the Andes mountains. They reached the top 41  , but on their way back conditions were very   42  . Joe fell and broke his leg. They both knew that if Simon   43   alone, he would probably get back 44  . But Simon decided to risk his   45   and try to lower Joe down the mountain on a rope(绳).

As they   46   down, the weather got worse. Then another   47   occurred. They couldn’t see or hear each other and,   48  , Simon lowered his friend over the edge of a precipice(峭壁). It was   49   for Joe to climb back or for Simon to pull him up. Joe’s   50   was pulling Simon slowly toward the precipice. 51  , after more than an hour in the dark and the icy cold, Simon had to   52  . In tears, he cut the rope. Joe   53   into a huge crevasse(裂缝)in the ice below. He had no food or water and he was in terrible pain. He couldn’t walk, but he   54   to get out of the crevasse and started to   55   toward their camp, nearly ten kilometers 56  .

Simon had   57   the camp at the foot of the mountain. He thought that Joe must be 58  , but he didn’t want to leave   59  . Three days later, in the middle of the night, he heard Joe’s voice. He couldn’t   60   it. Joe was there, a few meters from their tent, still alive.

41. A. hurriedly B. carefully C. successfully D. early

42. A. difficult B. similar C. special D. normal

43. A. climbed B. worked C. rested D. continued

44. A. unwillingly B. safely C. slowly D. regretfully

45. A. fortune B. time C. health D. life

46. A. lay B. settled C. went D. looked

47. A. damage B. storm C. change D. trouble

48. A. by mistake B. by chance C. by chance D. by luck

49. A. unnecessary B. practical C. important D. impossible

50. A. height B. weight C. strength D. equipment

51. A. Finally B. Patiently C. Surely D. Quickly

52. A. stand back B. take a rest C. make a decision D. hold on

53. A. jumped B. fell C. escaped D. backed

54. A. managed B. planned C. waited D. hoped

55. A. run B. skate C. move   D. march

56. A. around B. away C. above D. along

57. A. headed for B. travelled C. left for D. returned to

58. A. dead B. hurt C. weak D. late

59. A. secretly B. tiredly C. immediately D. anxiously

60. A. find B. believe C. make D. accept

【基础词汇】

hurriedly['hʌrɪdlɪ] adv.仓促地;匆忙地;草率地

carefully ['keəfəlɪ] adv.小心谨慎地;警惕地;周密地

successfully[sək'sesfəlɪ] adv.顺利地;成功地

early ['ɜ:li] adj.早的;早期的;(果实等)早熟的adv.在初期;先前;提早

difficult['dɪfɪkəlt] adj.困难的;难解的;不易相处的

similar['sɪmələ(r)] adj.类似的;同类的;相似的n.类似物;相像的人

normal['nɔ:ml] adj.正常的;正规的;标准的;精神健全的

climb[klaɪm] v.攀登;爬;登山;上升

rest[rest] n.休息;剩余部分;宁静;安宁v.(使)休息;(使)倚靠

continue[kən'tɪnju:] v.持续;逗留;维持原状;延期

unwillingly[ʌn'wɪlɪŋlɪ] adv.不情愿地;勉强地

safely['seɪfli] adv.安全地;平安地

regretfully[rɪ'gretfəli] adv.懊悔地;遗憾的;抱歉地

fortune['fɔ:tʃu:n] n.(某人的)命运;富有;幸运;[常作复数](人生事件中的)时运

health[helθ] n.健康状况;卫生;保健;昌盛

life[laɪf] n.生活;生计;生命;一生;寿命

life表生活,生命,尘世,人生时,一般为不可数名词;表寿命,一生,性命时,多为可数名词。例如:our daily life:我们的日常生活;our lives:我们的性命

lie [laɪ]v.躺;坐落在;处于……状态;说谎n.谎言;位置

lie作动词表说谎时为规则动词,过去式和过去分词都为lied;表躺,位于,处于……状态时为不规则动词,过去式为lay,过去分词为lain。

damage ['dæmɪdʒ] v.损害;毁坏n.损害;损毁;赔偿金

storm[stɔ:m] n.暴风雨;暴风雪;骚乱v.起风暴;下暴雨;暴怒;猛攻

unnecessary[ʌn'nesəsəri] adj.不必要的;多余的;无用的;无须

impossible[ɪm'pɒsəbl] adj.不可能的;做不到的;不能相信的

height[haɪt] n.高度;海拔;身高;顶点

weight[weɪt] n.重量;体重;重担;重任v.加重于;使变重

strength [streŋθ] n.力量;优点;长处

equipment[ɪ'kwɪpmənt] n.设备;装备;器材

finally['faɪnəli] adv.最后;终于;结果

patiently ['peɪʃntlɪ] adv.耐心地;坚韧不拔地

surely['ʃʊəli] adv.无疑;一定;确实;(回答)当然;好

fall[fɔ:l] v.落下;跌倒;减少;沦陷n.落下;瀑布;秋天(过去式fell过去分词fallen)

escape[ɪ'skeɪp] v.逃脱;逃离;躲过;泄露n.逃走;泄漏

back[bæk] n.背部;背面;反面;后面v.使后退;支持;倒退

manage['mænɪdʒ] v.完成(困难的事);经营;设法对付;凑合着活下去

skate [skeɪt] v.溜冰;滑冰n.溜冰鞋

march [mɑ:tʃ] v.(坚定地向某地)前进;行军;游行示威;进展

along[ə'lɒŋ] adv.一起;向前;到某处prep.沿着;顺着;靠着……边

dead[ded] adj.死去的;无感觉的;呆板的adv.完全地;非常;极度

辨析:

1). dead作形容词表死的,麻木的;作形容词表完全地,非常地;例如:dead drunk(烂醉如泥), dead tired(极度劳累), dead slow(非常慢)。

2). deadly作形容词表致命的,极端的,非常有效的;例如:deadly poison(致命毒药), deadly enemy(死敌);作副词表非常,极其,一般用于负面意义,相当于very much和extremely;例如:deadly boring(非常沉闷)。

hurt[hɜ:t] v.损害;使受伤;疼痛;有害n.伤害;痛苦adj.受伤的

weak[wi:k] adj.柔弱的;虚弱的;软弱的;不中用的;淡薄的

secretly['si:krətlɪ] adv.秘密地;背地里;私自

immediately[ɪ'mi:diətli] adv.立即;马上conj.一……就;即刻

anxiously['æŋkʃəslɪ] adv.焦急地;担忧地;眼巴巴

believe [bɪ'li:v] v.信任;料想;相信;认为

by mistake错误地

by chance偶然地;意外地;无意之中

by choice自愿

by luck侥幸

stand back靠后站;避开

take a rest休息一下

make a decision决定下来;作出决定;下决心

hold on坚持;等一等;<口>别挂电话;抓紧不放

head for朝……进发;奔;走向

leave for出发去(某地);离开(某职位)以寻求

return to返回到……;重新恢复

【难句赏析】

1. But Simon decided to risk his life and try to lower Joe down the mountain on a rope(绳).

Simon决定冒着生命危险尝试用绳子将Joe从山上吊下去。

decide to do sth.:决定做某事;try to do sth.:试着做某事

2. He couldn’t walk, but he managed to get out of the crevasse and started to move towards their camp, nearly ten kilometers away.

虽然他不能行走,但却依然设法离开了裂缝并开始向距离他约10公里的营帐移动。

“And”并列两个平行结构,分别是“managed to get out of the crevasse”和“started to move towards their camp”,主语统一为“he”。

manage to do:设法做成某事;get out of:摆脱,逃避;move towards:走向,接近

高考完型填空的特点
2019全国Ⅱ卷完型填空
2018高考英语全国Ⅱ卷完型填空
2017全国卷高考完型填空
2016全国Ⅱ卷完型填空
2014高考英语全国Ⅱ卷完型填空:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/zxyy/202112/60329.html