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2012全国卷高考英语完型填空

作者:外语爱好…    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2021/12/31

2012全国卷高考英语完型填空

【基础短文】

Body language is the quiet, secret and most powerful language of all! It speaks louder than words. According to specialists, our bodies send out more messages than we realize. In fact, nonverbal(非言语) communication takes up about 50% of what we really mean. And body language is particularly important when we attempt to communicate across cultures. Indeed, what is called body language is so much a part of us that it’s actually often unnoticed. And misunderstandings occur as a result of it. For example, different societies treat the distance between people differently. Northern Europeans usually do not like having bodily contact(接触) even with friends, and certainly not with strangers. People from Latin American countries, on the other hand, touch each other quite a lot. Therefore, it's possible that in conversation, it may look like a Latino is following a Norwegian all over the room. The Latino, trying to express friendship, will keep moving closer. The Norwegian, very probably seeing this as pushiness, will keep backing away—which the Latino will in return regard as coldness.

Clearly, a great deal is going on when people talk. And only a part of it is in the words themselves. And when parties are from different cultures, there's a strong possibility of misunderstanding. But whatever the situation, the best advice is to obey the Golden Rule: treat others as you would like to be treated.

【基础词汇】

straight [streɪt] adj.直的;连续的;直率的adv.直接地;坦率地

further ['fɜ:ðə(r)] adj.较远的;更进一步的;深一层的v.促进;推动

invitation [ˏɪnvɪˈteɪʃn] n.招待;邀请;请柬;引诱

receive [rɪ'si:v]v.收到;接到;接待

discover [dɪ'skʌvə(r)]v.发现;碰见;撞见

mean[mi:n] v.表示……的意思;打算adj.吝啬的;刻薄的;残忍的

固定搭配

by no means: 绝不;一点也不;并不;决不

by means of: 用;依靠;将;借助于

by any means: 无论如何;用尽各种可能的办法

misleading [ˏmɪs'li:dɪŋ] adj.误导性的;骗人的;引入歧途的

trade[treɪd] n.贸易;行业;买卖v.交易;经商;做……的买卖

distance ['dɪstəns]n.距离;路程;远处

greeting ['gri:tɪŋ] n.招呼;问候;祝贺;欢迎辞;问候(greet的现在分词)

verbal ['vɜ:bl]adj.言语的;口头的

bodily ['bɒdɪli] adj.身体的;肉体的;有实体的adv.亲自;以肉体形式

relative['relətɪv]adj.相关的;相对的n.亲属;亲戚

enemy ['enəmi] n.仇敌;敌军;危害物

trouble['trʌbl] n.麻烦;烦恼;故障;动乱v.使烦恼;折磨

conversation [ˏkɒnvə'seɪʃn] n.交谈;会话;会谈

experiment[ɪk'sperɪmənt] n.实验;试验;尝试v.做实验;尝试

disturb [dɪ'stɜ:b] v. 打扰;妨碍;使骚动;使不安;使烦恼

away [ə'weɪ]adv.离开;远离;消失;adj.不在的;遥远的

weakness ['wi:knəs] n.弱点;缺点;优柔寡断;虚弱

carelessness ['keələsnəs] n.粗心大意;草率;淡漠

coldness ['kəʊldnəs] n.冷;冷淡;冷酷;冷静

European [ˏjʊərə'pi:ən]adj.欧洲的;欧洲人的;欧盟的n.欧洲人

excitement [ɪk'saɪtmənt]n.兴奋;激动;令人兴奋的事;振奋

misunderstanding [ˏmɪsʌndə'stændɪŋ]n.误解;误会

nervousness ['nɜ:vəsnəs] n.神经质;焦躁;胆小

result [rɪ'zʌlt] n.结果v.发生;产生;归结为;导致

treat [tri:t] n.款待;招待;乐事v.对待;治疗;处理;款待

respect[rɪ'spekt] v.尊重;尊敬;遵守n.尊重;恭敬;敬意

pleased [pli:zd]adj.高兴的;自鸣得意v.使高兴( please的过去式)

however[haʊ'evə(r)] adv.无论如何;然而;可是conj.不管怎样

in short简而言之;总之;一句话

in other words换句话说

on the other hand在另一方面

in a similar way按同样的方式

by all means当然可以;一定;务必

step forward向前走;站出来;迈步

go on发生;进行;向前走

back away为了让出地方而后退;由于害怕而后退;不愿考虑

come out 出来;出现;出版;出狱

【难句赏析】

1. Indeed, what is called body language is so much a part of us that it's actually often unnoticed.

的确,所谓的身体语言已经成为我们的一部分了,所以常常被忽视。

“What”引导主语从句,译为“所……”;so + adj./adv.+ that表“如此……以至于……”。

2. Clearly, a great deal is going on when people talk.

显然,人们谈话时发生了很多事情。

“Clearly”为副词,修饰整个句子;“when”引导时间状语从句,译为“当……的时候”。a great deal:大量,许多;go on:进行,发生,向前走

3. But whatever the situation, the best advice is to obey the Golden Rule: treat others as you would like to be treated.

但是不论情形如何,最好的策略就是遵循这个黄金原则:己所不欲勿施于人。

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2012全国卷高考英语完型填空:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/zxyy/202112/60331.html