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高考英语阅读理解中应用文体的考查

作者:外语爱好…    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2021/12/31

应用文是最贴近日常生活的文体,该文体主要分为两大类。一、说明性应用文,包括广告、海报、守则、公告、指南、个人简历、备忘录、摘要等;二、叙述性应用文,包括书信、日记、便条、报告、请帖等。《普通高等学校招生全国统一考试大纲的说明》明确指出,要求考生读懂一般性话题的简短文章,例如公告、说明、广告等。通过对近六年全国Ⅱ卷高考阅读理解试题的研读可以看出,应用文是高考阅读理解命题的重要体裁之一,且前一类应用文,即广告、海报、指南、公告等,为应用文命题的首选题材。

高考英语阅读理解中应用文体的考查主特点

1. 选材特点

信息量大,文句精炼,形式灵活,用最少的篇幅表达最大量的信息。

2. 内容特点

生活化、实用化、多样化,如产品宣传、服务介绍、通知、海报、启示、招生招聘等。

3. 形式特点

标题醒目,重点突出,条理清晰,常用粗体字或者各类项目符号使文章结构更鲜明。

4. 语言特点

人名、地名、专有名词多;生词多;缩略词、祈使句、省略句多;结构不完整。

5. 命题特点

主要考查考生提取信息和处理信息的能力,既注重特定细节的筛选、类比、综合,又注

重推理判断题的考查,题目设置相对较容易。

应用文阅读的解题技巧

1. 注重文章标题和文中的黑体字或分类标题,了解文章结构和意图。

2. 认真阅读文章导语,了解文章大意。

3. 采用“题干定位法”。仔细分析题目,根据题目中的中心词(一般都为大写、斜体或粗体词),采取跳读、略读等快速阅读法,迅速浏览文章,寻找所需信息。

Passage 1 (2019﹒课标Ⅱ﹒A)

My Favourite Books

Jo Usmar is a writer for Cosmopolitan and co-author of the This Book Will series(系列)of lifestyle books. Here she picks her top reads.

Matilda

Roald Dahl

I once wrote a paper on the influence of fairy tales on Roald Dahl’s writing and it gave me a new appreciation for his strange and delightful words.Matilda’s battles with her cruel parents and the bossy headmistress, Miss Trunchbull, are equally funny and frightening, but they’re also aspirational.

After Dark

Haruki Murakami

It’s about two sisters–Eri, a model who either won’t or can’t stop sleeping, and Mari, a young student. In trying to connect to her sister, Mari starts changing her life and discovers a world of diverse“night people”who are hiding secrets.

Gone Girl

Gillian Fynn

There was a bit of me that didn’t want to love this when everyone else on the planet did,but the horror story is brilliant. There’s tension and anxiety from the beginning as Nick and Amy battle for your trust. It’s a real whodunit and the frustration when you realise what’s going on is horribly enjoyable.

The Stand

Stephen King

This is an excellent fantasy novel from one of the best storytellers around. After a serious flu outbreakwipes out 99.4% of the world’s population, a battle unfolds between good and evil among those left.Randall Flagg is one of the scariest characters ever.

21. Who does“I”refer to in the text?

A. Stephen King. B. Gillian Flynn.C. Jo Usmar. D. Roald Dahl.

22. Which of the following tells about Mari and Eri?

A. Cosmopolitan.B. Matilda.C. After Dark.D. The Stand.

23. What kind of book is Gone Girl?

A.A folk tale. B.A biography.C.A love story. D.A horror story.

【基础词汇】

lifestyle ['laɪfstaɪl]n.生活方式

series ['sɪəri:z]n.系列;连续;系列节目

co-author [kəu'ɔ:θə]n.合著者

influence ['ɪnfluəns]n.影响;有影响的人(或事物)v.影响;感染

fairy ['feəri]n.仙女;小精灵adj.美丽的;可爱的;仙女似的

tale [teɪl]n.传说;传言;(尤指充满惊险的)故事

appreciation [əˏpri:ʃi'eɪʃn]n.欣赏;鉴赏;感谢;评估

cruel [kru:əl]adj.残酷的;残忍的;使人痛苦的;无情的

bossy ['bɒsi]adj.<非正>好发号施令的;专横的;凸出的

headmistress ['hɛdˏmɪstrɪs]n.女校长

equally ['i:kwəli]adv.相等地;平等地;公正地

aspirational [ˏæspə'reɪʃənl]adj. 志同的;有抱负的

diverse [daɪ'vɜ:s]adj.多种多样的;变化多的

hide [haɪd]v.隐藏;躲避;覆盖;掩盖n.(观看野生动物的)隐蔽处

planet ['plænɪt]n.行星;星相

horror ['hɒrə(r)]n.可怕的事物;嫌恶;讨厌的人或事

brilliant ['brɪliənt]adj.明亮的;美好的;闪耀的;才华横溢的

tension ['tenʃn]n.紧张;紧张气氛;拉力v.紧张;使紧张

enjoyable [ɪn'dʒɔɪəbl]adj.愉快的;快乐的

frustration [frʌ'streɪʃn]n.挫折;挫败;失意

horribly ['hɒrəblɪ]adv.可怕地;<口>非常;极其

whodunit [hu:'dʌnɪt]n.侦探小说;惊险刺激读物

excellent ['eksələnt]adj.卓越的;杰出的;太好了

fantasy ['fæntəsi]n.幻想;空想的产物;幻想作品v.想像;幻想

novel ['nɒvl]n.(长篇)小说adj.新奇的

flu [flu:]n.流行性感冒;流感

outbreak ['aʊtbreɪk]n.(战争,怒气等的)爆发;突然发生v.爆发

unfold [ʌn'fəʊld]v.展开;摊开;展现;逐渐显露

evil ['i:vl]adj.邪恶的;罪恶的;不吉的n.罪恶;坏事;灾祸

scary ['skeəri]adj.使人惊慌的;可怕的;吓人的

folk [fəʊk]n.民族;人们adj.民间的;普通百姓的

biography [baɪ'ɒgrəfi]n.传记;个人简介

either…or…要么……或……

a bit of一点;一星半点

wipe out了结;擦掉;擦净;彻底摧毁

【难句赏析】

There was a bit of me that didn’t want to love this when everyone else on the planet did,but the horror story is brilliant.

虽然其他人都喜欢恐怖小说,但我有点不太喜欢。不过,这本恐怖小说很棒。

“That”引导定语从句修饰“me”;“when”引导让步状语从句,相当于“although”。

It's a real whodunit and the frustration when you realise what’s going on is horribly enjoyable.

这是一本惊险刺激的小说,你会发现书中跌宕起伏的故事情节让人极其享受。

“When”引导时间状语从句,其中包含一个省略了“that”的宾语从句,且宾语从句中的主语为一个主语从句“what’s going on”;“and”并列了两个句子,后面一个句子的正常语序为“the frustration is horribly enjoyable when you realise what’s going on”。

After a serious flu outbreakwipes out 99.4% of the world’s population, a battle unfolds between good and evil among those left.

严重的流感带走了全球99.4%的人口,一场正义与邪恶之间的战争在剩下的人中展开。

“After”为连词,引导时间状语从句;“between…and…”之间并列两个名词,“good”和“evil”;“among”引导介宾短语,其中“left”为过去分词作后置定语用于修饰“those”,表达一种存在的状态。

Passage 2 (2018﹒课标Ⅱ﹒A)

Summer Activities

Students should read the list with their parents/carers, and select two activities they would like to do. Forms will be available in school and online for them to indicate their choices and return to school. Before choices are finalised, parents/carers will be asked to sign to confirm their child’s choices.

21. Which activity will you choose if you want to go camping?

A. OUT.          B. WBP.          C. CRF.           D.POT.

22. What will the students do on Tuesday with Mrs. Wilson?

A. Travel to London.B. See a parade and fireworks.

C. Tour central Paris.            D. Visit the WWI battlefields.

23. How long does Potty about Potter last?

A. Two days.    B. Four days.C. Five days. D. One week.

【基础词汇】

carer ['kɛrɚ] n.负责照顾(老人,病人,小孩)的人

select[sɪ'lekt]v. 挑选;选拔adj. 精选的;挑选出来的n. 被挑选者;精萃

available[ə'veɪləb(ə)l]adj. 可获得的;可购得的;可找到的;有空的

online[ɒn'laɪn]adj. 联机的;在线的adv. 在线地

indicate ['ɪndɪkeɪt]v. 表明;指出;预示

finalise['faɪnəlaɪz]v. 使……结束;把最后定下来

sign[saɪn] n. 迹象;符号;手势;指示牌v. 签署;签名;示意

description [dɪ'skrɪpʃn] n.描述; 形容; 种类; 类型

staff[stɑ:f] n.全体职员; 管理人员adj.行政工作的; 职员的v.任职于

member ['membə] n. 成员;会员;议员

adventure[əd'ventʃə]n. 冒险;冒险精神;投机活动v. 冒险

personal ['pɜ:sənl]adj.个人的;私人的;亲自的n.(报刊上的)人事栏

quality['kwɒləti]n.质量;品质;优点;才能adj.优质的;上流社会的

skill[skɪl] n. 技能;技巧;本领;技术

canoe[kə'nu:] n.独木舟;轻舟v.用独木舟运送;划(乘)独木舟

wild[waɪld] adj.野生的;野蛮的;狂热的;荒凉的n. 荒野adv. 疯狂地;胡乱地

environment [ɪn'vaɪrənmənt] n.环境;外界;周围;工作平台

northern ['nɔ:ðən] adj.北方的;北部的;来自北方的

journey['dʒɜ:ni]n.旅行;历程v.旅行;出游;在……旅行或旅行到过……

parade[pə'reɪd] v.游行;展览;招摇过市n.检阅;游行;炫耀

firework['faɪəwɜ:k] n.(常pl.)烟火;烟花;(热情,怒气等的)迸发

final['faɪnl] adj.最后的;最终的;决定性的n.结局;决赛

central ['sentrəl]adj.中央的;中心的;核心的

tour[tʊə(r)]n.旅行;观光;巡回演出;任职期v.到……旅游;在……巡回演出

sight[saɪt]n.视力;看见;视野;景象v.发现;(用仪器)瞄准;观察

centre['sentə(r)]n.中心;(市镇的)中心区v.置于中央;(使)成为中心

textile['tekstaɪl]n.纺织品;织物;纺织业

recycle [ˏri:'saɪkl]v.回收利用;使再循环;重复利用

material [mə'tɪəriəl]n.材料;原料;素材adj.物质的;肉体的;重要的

cushion ['kʊʃn]n.(隔离两个表面的)垫;垫子

decoration [ˏdekə'reɪʃn]n.装饰;装饰品;装饰风格

approve [ə'pru:v] v.赞成;批准;认可;称赞;满意

location [ləʊ'keɪʃn]n.位置;场所

boat [bəʊt]v.乘船;划船;用船运输

head [hed] n.上端;首脑;首长v.前进;朝……行进adj.首要的

【难句赏析】

Take yourself out of your comfort zone for a week, discover new personal qualities, and learn new skills.

给自己一周时间离开自己的舒适区,探寻自己新的才能,学习新的技术。

“And”并列三个祈使句,分别为“take yourself out of … for a week”、“discover new personal qualities”和“learn new skills”;comfort zone:舒适区;安逸之境

Thursday sees us make the short journey to Paris where we will visit Disneyland Paris park, staying until late to see the parade and the fireworks.

周四我们短途旅行去巴黎,游览巴黎迪士尼乐园,晚些时候,我们观看游行和烟花。

“Where”作关系副词引导定语从句,用于修饰Paris;现在分词结构“staying until late to see the parade and the fireworks”作伴随状语。

Passage 3 (2017﹒课标Ⅱ﹒A)

In the coming months, we are bringing together artists from all over the globe, to enjd71eb141aa986f4dce1f1aa8ff8b6a7aoy speaking Shakespeare’s plays in their own language, in our Globe, within the architecture Shakespeare wrote for. Please come and join us.

National Theatre of ChinaBeijing|Chinese

This great occasion(盛会) will be the National Theater of China’s first visit to the UK. The company’s productions show the new face of 21stcentury Chinese theater. This production ofShakespeare’s RichardⅢwill be directed by the National’s Associate Director,Wang Xiaoying.

Date & Time: Saturday 28 April, 2.30pm & Sunday 29 April, 1.30pm & 6.30pm

Marjanishvili Theatre   Tbilisi | Georgian

One of the most famous theaters in Georgia, the Marjanishvili, founded in 1928, appears regularly at theater festivals all over the world. This new production of As You Like It is helmed(指导)by the company’s Artistic Director Levan Tsuladze.

Date & Time:Friday 18May, 2.30pm & Saturday 19May, 7.30pm

Deafinitely Theatre  London | British Sign Language(BSL)

By translating the rich and humorous text of Love’s Labour’s Lost into the physical language of BSL, Deafinitely Theater creates a new interpretation of Shakespeare’s comedy and aims to build a bridge between deaf and hearing worlds by performing to both groups as one audience.

Date & Time: Tuesday 22 May, 2.30pm &Wednesday 23 May, 7.30pm

Habima National Theatre Tel Aviv | Hebrew

The Habima is the centre of Hebrew-language theater worldwide. Founded in Moscow after the 1905 revolution, the company eventually settled in Tel Aviv in the late 1920s. Since 1958, they have been recognized as the national theater of Israel. This production of Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice marks their first visit to the UK.

Date & Time:Monday 28May, 7.30pm & Tuesday 29 May, 7.30pm

21. Which play will be performed by the National Theatre of China?

A. Richard Ⅲ. B. Lover’s Labour’s Lost.

C. As You Like It. D. The Merchant of Venice.

22. What is special about Deafinitely Theatre?

A. It has two groups of actors. B. It is the leading theatre in London.

C. It performs plays in BSL. D. It is good at producing comedies.

23. When can you see a play in Hebrew?

A. On Saturday 28 April. B. On Sunday 29 April.

C. On Tuesday 22 May. D. On Tuesday 29 May.

【基础词汇】

together [tə'geðə(r)]adv.同时;在一起;不间断地

globe[gləʊb]n.球;球状物;地球;世界;地球仪

play[pleɪ]n.比赛;游戏;戏剧;赌博v.玩;演奏;演出;充当……的角色

within[wɪ'ðɪn]adv.在内;在里面prep.在……的范围内;在……内n.内部,里面

architecture['ɑ:kɪtektʃə(r)]n.建筑学;建筑风格;体系结构

join[dʒɔɪn]v.连接;联结;加入n.连接;接合点

occasion [ə'keɪʒn]n.机会;时机;场合

national ['næʃnəl]adj.国家的;国有的n.[常用复数]某国国民;全国性报刊

theater ['θiətə]n.电影院;戏院

production [prə'dʌkʃn]n.生产;制作;产品;产量

show[ʃəʊ]v.给……看;说明;指示n.展览;显示;外观;表演

associate[ə'səʊʃieɪt]v.(使)发生联系;(使)联合n.合伙人;伴侣

found [faʊnd]v.创办;建立

appear[ə'pɪə(r)]v.出现;显现;出庭;似乎

regularly['regjələli]adv.有规律地;按部就班地;定期地

festival ['festɪvl]n.节日;贺宴adj.节日的;喜庆的

helm[helm]n.舵;掌舵;掌管;头盔v.指挥;给……掌舵

translate[træns'leɪt]v.翻译;解释;转化

humorous['hju:mərəs]adj.幽默的;滑稽的

physical['fɪzɪkl]adj. 身体的;物质的;自然规律的n.身体检查

interpretation[ɪnˏtɜ:prɪ'teɪʃn]n.解释;说明;翻译;演绎

comedy['kɒmədi]n.喜剧;有趣的事情

aim[eɪm]v.瞄准;对准;旨在;致力于n.目的;目标

deaf [def]adj.聋的;不愿听的

perform[pə'fɔ:m]v.执行;履行;表演;扮演;运行

audience['ɔ:diəns]n.观众;读者;拥护者

worldwide['wɜ:ldwaɪd]adj.全世界的adv.遍及全球地

revolution [ˏrevə'lu:ʃn]n.革命;彻底改变

eventually[ɪ'ventʃuəli]adv.终于;最后;终究

settle ['setl]v.解决;安排;使定居n.高背长靠椅

late [leɪt]adj.迟到的;时间不早的;已故的adv.晚;迟;后期地

recognize['rekəgnaɪz]v.认出;承认……有效;认可

merchant['mɜ:tʃənt]n.商人;店主;零售商adj.商人的;商业的

mark[mɑ:k]n.斑点;记号;成绩v.作记号;给……打分

produce [prə'dju:s]v.生产;产生;制作n.产品;产额

【难句赏析】

One of the most famous theaters in Georgia, the Marjanishvili, founded in 1928, appears regularly at theater festivals all over the world.

格鲁吉亚最著名的剧院之一Marjanishvili始建于1928年,它的身影经常出现在世界各地的戏剧节上。

“One of”后跟可数名词复数;“founded in 1928”为分词短语作后置定语,对“one of the most famous theaters”,即“the Marjanishvili”进行补充说明;“the Marjanishvili”是“one of the most famous theaters”的同位语,对其进行解释说明;“all over the world”是固定搭配,意思为“全世界;五洲四海;普天之下”。

By translating the rich and humorous text of Love’s Labour’s Lost into the physical language of BSL, Deafinitely Theater creates a new interpretation of Shakespeare’s comedy and aims to build a bridge between deaf and hearing worlds by performing to both groups as one audience.

通过把丰富幽默的《空爱一场》翻译成身体语言BSL(英国手语),该剧院创造了莎士比亚喜剧的新解释,并致力于建造一座连接无声世界和有声世界的桥梁。

“By”引导分词短语做方式状语;第一个“and”并列两个形容词,“rich”和“humorous”;第二个“and”并列两个平行结构,分别为“creates a new interpretation of Shakespeare’s comedy”和“aims to build a bridge between deaf and hearing worlds…as one audience”,其主语都为Deafinitely Theater;第三个“and”为固定搭配,“between…and”。

Passage 4 (2016﹒课标Ⅱ﹒A)

What’s On?

Electric Underground

7.30pm-1.00am   Free at the Cyclops Theatre

Do you know who’s playing in your area? We’re bringing you an exciting evening of live rock and pop music from the best local bands. Are you interested in becoming a musician and getting a recording contract(合同)? If so, come early to the talk at 7.30pm by Jules Skye, a successful record producer. He’s going to talk about how you can find the right person to produce your music.

Gee Whizz

8.30pm-10.30pm   Comedy at Kaleidoscope

Come and see Gee Whizz perform. He’s the funniest stand-up comedian on the comedy scene. This joyful show will please everyone, from the youngest to the oldest. Gee Whizz really knows how to make you laugh! Our bar is open from 7.00pm for drinks and snacks(快餐).

Simon’s Workshop

5.00pm-7.30pm    Wednesdays at Victoria Stage

This is a good chance for anyone who wants to learn how to do comedy. The workshop looks at every kind of comedy, and practices many different ways of making people laugh. Simon is a comedian and actor who has 10 years’ experience of teaching comedy. His workshops are exciting and fun. An evening with Simon will give you the confidence to be funny.

Charlotte Stone

8.00pm-11.00pm     Pizza World

Fine food with beautiful jazz music; this is a great evening out. Charlotte Stone will perform songs from her new best-selling CD, with James Pickering on the piano. The menu is Italian, with excellent meat and fresh fish, pizzas and pasta (面食). Book early to get a table. Our bar is open all day, and serves cocktails, coffee, beer, and white wine.

21. Who can help you if you want to have your music produced?

A. Jules Skye.   B. Gee Whizz.C. Charlotte Stone.D. James Pickering.

22. At which place can people of different ages enjoy a good laugh?

A. The Cyclops Theatre.     B. Kaleidoscope.      C. Victoria Stage. D. Pizza World.

23. What do we know about Simon’s Workshop?

A. It requires membership status. B. It lasts three hours each time.

C. It is run by a comedy club. D. It is held every Wednesday.

24. When will Charlotte Stone perform her songs?

A. 5.00pm-7.30pmB. 7.30pm-1.00amC. 8.00pm-11.00pmD. 8.30pm-10.30pm

【基础词汇】

electric[ɪ'lektrɪk]adj.电的;带电的;发电的;电动的n.电动车辆;带电体

underground['ʌndəgraʊnd]adj.地下的;秘密的n.地铁;地下组织或活动;地道

area ['eəriə]n.地区;区域;范围;领域

live[lɪv]v.生存;居住;活着adj.活的;现场直播的adv.在现场直播;在现场表演

rock [rɒk]n.岩石;摇滚乐v.摇晃;摇动;震动

local['ləʊkl]adj.地方的;当地的;本地的

band [bænd]n.乐队;衣带v.用带绑扎;结合起来;聚集

musician[mju'zɪʃn]n.音乐家

record['rekɔ:d]n.记录;记载;履历;唱片;最高纪录v.记录;录音

contract['kɒntrækt]n.合同;契约;协议v.签合同;缩小;感染

producer [prə'dju:sə(r)]n.生产者,制造者;制片人

stand-up['stændʌp]adj.站立的;直立的;敢说敢干的;坦率正直的

comedian [kə'mi:diən]n.喜剧演员;丑角;滑稽的人

scene [si:n]n.场面;现场;(戏剧的)一场;景色;风景;事件

joyful['dʒɔɪfl]adj.快乐的;高兴的;使人喜悦的

please[pli:z]v.使高兴;使满意;讨人喜欢;讨好

drink[drɪŋk]v.喝(酒);饮;(尤指)酗酒n.酒;饮料

snack [snæk]n.快餐;点心;加餐v.lcX71lzn/B7VbnztDsCi3A==吃快餐

confidence['kɒnfɪdəns]n.信心;信任adj.骗得信任的

funny ['fʌni]adj.有趣的;滑稽的;(口)稀奇的;古怪的;狡猾的n.滑稽人物; 笑话;有趣的故事

best-selling [best 'selɪŋ]adj.最畅销的;最红的

excellent ['eksələnt]adj.卓越的;杰出的;优秀的

fresh[freʃ]adj.新鲜的;淡水的;新的;无经验的adv.最新的

pasta ['pæstə]n.面团(用以制意大利通心粉,细面条等);意大利面食

book[bʊk]n.书;课本;账簿v.预订;登记;预约

serve[sɜ:v]v.(为……)服务;任(职);提供;招待;服役

cocktail ['kɒkteɪl]n.鸡尾酒;餐前开胃菜

require [rɪ'kwaɪə(r)]v.要求;需要;想要;命令;规定

membership ['membəʃɪp]n.会员资格;会员身份

status ['steɪtəs]n.地位;情形;状态;身份

last[lɑ:st]n.末尾;最后;上个v.经受住;足够维持(尤指某段时间);持续adj.最后的;最不可能的adv上一次;最近一次;最后

run [rʌn]v.跑;移动;延续;运行;经营;(使)流动n.奔跑;行程

hold [həʊld]v.拿住;握住;保留;容纳;举行n.握住;保留;控制

【难句赏析】

He’s going to talk about how you can find the right person to produce your music.

他会告诉你如何找到合适的人来帮你制作音乐。

“How”引导宾语从句,从句内容从“how”开始到“music”结束。

Simon is a comedian and actor who has 10 years’ experience of teaching comedy.

Simon是个喜剧演员,有着数十年的喜剧教学经验。

“Comedian”和“actor”都在指Simon的职业;“who”引导定语从句,用于修饰 Simon。

Passage 5 (2015﹒课标Ⅱ﹒D)

Choose Your One-Day Tours!

Tour A―Bath & Stonehenge including entrance fees to the ancient Roman bathrooms and Stonehenge—£37 until 26 March and£39 thereafter.

Visit the city with over 2,000 years of history and Bath Abbey,the Royal Crescent and the Costume Museum.Stonehenge is one of the world’s most famous prehistoric monuments dating back over 5,000 years.

TourB―Oxford & Stratford including entrance fees to the University St. Mary’s Church Tower and Anne Hathaway’s house―£32 until 12 March and£36 thereafter.

Oxford: Includes a guided tour of England’s oldest university city and colleges. Look over the “city of dreaming spires(尖顶)”from St Mary’s Church Tower. Stratford: Includes a guided tour exploring much of the Shakespeare wonder.

Tour C—Windsor Castle & Hampton Court including entrance fees to Hampton Court Palace―£34 until 11 March and £37 thereafter.

Includes a guided tour of Windsor and Hampton Court, HenryⅧ’s favourite palace. Free time to visit Windsor Castle (entrance fees not included). With 500 years of history, Hampton Court was once the home of four Kings and one Queen. Now this former royal palace is open to the public as a major tourist attraction. Visit the palace and its various historic gardens, which include the famous maze(迷宫)where it is easy to get lost!

Tour D―CambridgeincludingentrancefeestotheTowerofSaintMarytheGreat―£33until18Marchand£37thereafter.

Includes a guided tour of Cambridge, the famous university town, and the gardens of the 18th century.

33.WhichtourwillyouchooseifyouwanttoseeEngland’soldestuniversitycity?

A.Tour A.B.Tour B.       C.Tour C.D.Tour D.

34.Whichofthefollowingtourschargesthelowestfeeon17March?

A.WindsorCastle&HamptonCourt. B.Oxford&Stratford.

C.Bath&Stonehenge. D.Cambridge.

35.WhyisHamptonCourtamajortouristattraction?

A.Itusedtobethehomeofroyalfamilies. B.Itusedtobeawell-knownmaze.

C.ItistheoldestpalaceinBritain.   D.Itisaworld-famouscastle.

【基础词汇】

choose[tʃu:z]v.挑选;决定或选定;选择

include[ɪn'klu:d]v.包括;包含;计入;包住

entrance['entrəns]n.入口;进入;入场权v.使出神;使入迷;使喜悦

fee[fi:]n.(加入组织或做某事付的)费;业务报酬;赏钱v.付给报酬

ancient['eɪnʃənt]adj.古代的;古老的;过时的;年老的n.古代人

bathroom['bɑ:θru:m]n.浴室;盥洗室;(带抽水马桶的)厕所

thereafter[ˏðeər'ɑ:ftə(r)]adv.此后;在那之后;据此

prehistoric[ˏpri:hɪ'stɒrɪk]adj.史前的;陈旧的

monument['mɒnjumənt]n.纪念碑;遗迹;遗址;丰碑

college['kɒlɪdʒ]n.大学;(英国)学院;学会

explore[ɪk'splɔ:(r)]v.勘查;探测;探索;研究

wonder['wʌndə(r)]adj.奇妙的;钦佩的n.惊奇;奇观;奇迹v.对……感到好奇;惊奇;想弄明白;想知道

favourite ['feɪvərɪt]adj.特别受喜爱的n.特别喜爱的人(或物)

palace['pæləs]n.宫;宫殿;宏伟大厦;华丽的娱乐场所

once[wʌns]adv.一次;一倍;曾经;一旦conj.一旦……就……n.一次;一回

former['fɔ:mə(r)]adj.以前的;在前的;前任的n.构成者;创造者

royal['rɔɪəl]adj.王室的;高贵的;庄严的;盛大的n.<口>王室成员

major ['meɪdʒə(r)]adj.主要的;重要的;主修的n.主修科目 v.主修(in);专攻

various ['veəriəs]adj.各种各样的;多方面的;个别的

historic [hɪ'stɒrɪk]adj.有历史影响的;历史的;历史上的

maze[meɪz]n.迷宫;迷惑;错综复杂v.使困惑;使混乱;迷失

century['sentʃəri]n.百年;一世纪;

well-known [wel'nəʊn]adj.出名的;众所周知的;鼎鼎大名

world-famous [wɜ:ld'feɪməs]adj.举世闻名的

castle ['kɑ:sl]n.城堡;堡垒v.把……置于城堡中

date back回溯至

look over从(某物上面)看过去;仔细检查;翻阅

【难句赏析】

Now this former royal palace is open to the public as a major tourist attraction.

现在这座昔日的王宫作为一个主要的旅游景点向公众开放。

tourist attraction: 旅游胜地;旅游景点

Visit the palace and its various historic gardens, which include the famous maze(迷宫)where it is easy to get lost!

参观宫殿和宫殿中历史悠久的花园,在这些花园中有一座极易让人迷路的著名迷宫。

“And”并列两个平行结构,“the palace”和“its various historic gardens”;“which”引导非限定性定语从句,修饰“various historic gardens”,其从句内容由“which”开始到“lost”结束;在“which”引导的非限定性定语从句中包含一个由“where”引导的限定性定语从句,用于修饰“the famous maze”。

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高考英语阅读理解中应用文体的考查:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/zxyy/202112/60333.html
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